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Stirling Engines

The Stirling engine is a closed-cycle piston heat engine. The term "closed-cycle" means that the working gas is permanently contained within the cylinder, unlike the "open-cycle" internal combustion engine and some steam engines, which vent the working fluid to the atmosphere. The Stirling engine is traditionally classified as an external combustion engine, despite the fact that heat can be supplied by non-combusting sources such as solar and nuclear energy.

A Stirling engine operates through the use of an external heat source and an external heat sink, each maintained within a limited temperature range, and having a sufficiently large temperature difference between them.

Products

Tesla's Engine - A new dimension for Power
SKU: SKU16192
Binding: Paperback: 224 pages
Many will recognize the name of Nikola Tesla for his work in electrical engineering. Most do not realize that he was, by training a mechanical engineer. This book is a comprehensive account of Tesla's endeavors and the resulting marvel of machinery which has come to be known as the Tesla Turbine. Tesla's engine is examined in detail and an argument is built for the commercial production of this wonder of engineering. Many fine articles show that no other pump or engine can match the safety, economy, longevity and performance of this truly elegant machine.
£19.00
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Plans Stirling Hot Air Engine Power Meccano 1913 Reprint
SKU: pshae/ebook/000

The hot air engine is one of the easiest models to build.No boiler is needed and it starts in a few seconds when the lamp is lit.

A hot air engine originally called the "caloric" engine was first built in 1807.Theoretically it is a perfect heat engine but practical building and design problems present difficulties which lower its efficiency greatly.

In the 1850s Ericsson built a large passenger ship driven by a hot air engine.Present day uses are limited to stationary power plants to drive all kinds of machinery since the power to weight ratio limits use in moving equipment.

These plans which were published in 1913 come with complete instructions for building a hot air engine.No power tools or machining are required.Simple items such as tin cans and copper tubing make most of the parts.The only part which you would have to buy or make is a flywheel of steel or iron .You can probably borrow one off an old model steam engine.

This is a very simple stirling hot air engine which will give you great pleasure in its building and it can put out enough power to drive Meccano or Erector models or any similar items.It is a great conversation piece when mounted on a nice wooden base and displayed to interested parties as it chuffs to life and runs merrily along.Get your copy of this great plan now and build this easy model.

You are buying the four pages of plans and instructions only.

£0.36
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Stirling Engine Manual Volume 2
SKU: semv2/850/1754
In this second volume James Rizzo has brought together 13 more engines for you to build - 2 based on historic prototypes, 4 ‘demonstration’ engines, one of which converts ball bearings and a test tube to rotary motion, 2 engines which demonstrate the use of diaphragms rather than pistons, and a series of 5 engines showing how to increase power by pressurisation. And there is a brief resume of the history of Stirling engines, and a look at recent commercial developments. Great book for the model engineer who wants to develop his hot air engines beyond the “miniature” stage and is looking for ways to go forward. 156 pages full of drawings and photos. 8 page colour section.
£30.00
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Building Stirling Engines without a Lathe
SKU: bsewal/154/450
Binding: Softback

If you have always wanted to build a working model from scratch, or are fascinated by Stirling engines and want to experiment further, but have been frustrated by lack of any machine tools, then this is the book you have been waiting for; quite simply it is brilliant.Like many others, Kjeld was fascinated by the Stirling or hot air engine, wanted to build his own examples but couldn’t to any published designs, as he has no machine tools in his hobby room, and no space for them. Browsing on the internet he came across an idea for a Stirling engine which could be built without tools, developed the idea and built a running engine, followed by five other increasingly sophisticated machines which demonstrate the main types of Stirling engine, all built using only ordinary hand tools, an electric soldering iron and a gas blow-torch, from tin cans, wire coat hangers, old gloves, parts from scrap computers, gramaphones, video players etc.

The basic idea isn’t completely new, but this is the first time such ideas have been available in book form. Here Kjeld describes how to build his first engine in some detail, and then how to construct the subsequent five engines, which largely develop from each other, in slightly less detail, but still plenty enough for you to build them. You won’t find any drawings in this book, as the measurements of your engines will depend on the dimensions of the scrap you use, notably the tin-can for the cylinder, but the derived dimensions are covered in the text, and there are numerous photographs of set-ups, parts and so on to guide you. Additionally there is a brief overview of the history of the Stirling engine, a fascinating look at some present commercial applications, and an Appendix of recommended reading, films and useful websites. 40 A4 format pages. 45 B & W photos and illustrations. Softcover.

£6.50
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Tin Can Stirling Heat Engine Ebook
SKU: tcsheb/ebook/000

This ebook describes how to build a stirling engine from a tin can.

The thin sheet metal walls permits rapid transfer of heat. The cans are readily modified, and if you go wrong throw the can away and use another. This engine isn’t going to be pretty but it is realitivly simple to build and you will come to realise the whole engine design can be modified in many ways.

£0.36
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Building Stirling 1 - A One Piston Hot Air Engine
SKU: 0000/150/414
In this best selling book, New Zealander Ted Warbrooke describes how to build a unique form of Stirling Engine which does not have a displacer. The theoretical possibility of such an engine has been long considered, but as far as we are aware, Ted’s is the first design that actually works. Because the only moving parts are the piston, crankshaft, crank and flywheel this is a very simple engine to build, and an ideal project for the beginner. Equally it will have considerable appeal to Stirling Engine enthusiasts as the possibilities for experimentation with this design are considerable. This book contains full drawings for this engine, plus hints and tips on building it, assembly photos etc. Stirling 1 requires no castings, and can largely be made from bits in the scrap box. Simple but accurate turning, some hand work and some soldering are all that is required to build this fascinating engine. High quality 32 page A4 paperback.
£10.00
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The Tesla Disc Turbine
SKU: 0000/150/394
Binding: Paperback: 40 pages

Slightly amended second edition. Nikola Tesla is famous for the Tesla Coil, but another of his inventions is the subject of this book and had nothing to do with electricity, other than as a possible means of generating it. This was his Disc Turbine for which a British Patent, which also covered a compressor variant, was granted in 1910. Unlike a conventional turbine, in which the rotor consists of bladed segments, in Tesla’s machine these were replaced by discs, working on the concept of flowing media being converted to rotary motion by friction working on the discs. Tesla claimed that a very small, but extremely powerful machine was possible using this principle - his aim was to produce a 25 hp machine that would fit inside a bowler hat. Here W. Cairns describes in detail the concept, and the history, of the original engines. He then proposes a number of uses for such turbines, including car and light aircraft use, all of which illustrate the extraordinary versatility of Tesla’s engine. Finally he provides the design and building instructions for a small Tesla turbine which any model engineer should be able to build. Not only does a Tesla Turbine provide a very high power to size ratio, it can be used as a compressor or pump. Tesla used steam on his test machines, and the model featured here would probably be run on compressed air, but the gas turbine principle can also be used; this really is a remarkably versatile machine. This versatility means that ninety four years after the original Patents were granted there are signs of re-awakened interest in Tesla’s machine, as many of the original problems can be overcome with modern materials. What is really exciting is that any revival can be boosted by individual experimenters- here is the place to start! High quality. 34 A4 format pages. Numerous drawings and sketches, including 6 pages of drawings specifically for a small Tesla turbine you can build.

£5.90
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Stirling Engine Manual Volume 1
SKU: semv1/850/1864
Binding: Hardcover: 196 pages

In fact, this is arguably the 5th reprint for this book, parts of which first appeared in the 1980s as “Modelling Stirling and Hot Air Engines”. If you want a reasonable history of hot air engines, a comprehensive and intelligible description of how they work, and drawings and construction details of models of all the major configurations of hot air engine, all of which can be built without castings, then this is absolutely the book for you - as simple as that! You will need to have access to a lathe to build most of the engines featured, but a couple can be built without such sophisticated equipment. Nearly 200 pages, including a 4 page colour section.

£70.00
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The Control of Small Propane Burners for Stirling Engines
SKU: tcspbse/ebook/000
A 160 watt dual-opposed Stirling engine power system has been developed for the U.S. Army
for remote power and battery charging applications. The Stirling engines were developed under a Phase II
NASA SBIR by Sunpower Inc. The propane burner was developed by Precision Combustion Inc. under a
DARPA SBIR program.
Earlier papers have dealt with a number of aspects of the 160 watt power system development program.
This paper takes a look at the challenge of controlling small propane burners for a range of Stirling engines.
This paper will discuss the bring up algorithm and the closed loop digital control of the engine acceptor
temperature in the presence of load disturbances and inherent system non-linearity.
The combustor of these small burners are catalytic and use a fine structure catalyst known as Microlith® to
reduce the ignition time while maximizing the surface area. The challenge of the control system is to bring
the engine head up to temperature , and maintain that temperature, without damaging the catalyst structure.
Strategically placed temperature sensors measure the catalyst, flame, and engine acceptor temperatures.
These measurements are used as process variables by the bring up and digital closed loop control
algorithms to engender a temperature response at the acceptor that is acceptable in terms of response time,
overshoot, and stability in the presence of changes in the dynamic behavior of the engine resulting from
load changes.
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How to make a hot air engine - free ebook
SKU: gut/htmahae/00
This digital book (along with the bonuses included) was written in the early 1900s - a time where people used their hands to build things. Not only for practical use but for the sheer pleasure of just making it.

The art of making things hasn't died today even if we can get most things ready made. But what a ready-made item can't do is give you the satisfaction that you created something out of easy to find materials - and that satisfaction is long lasting.
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Heat Engines 1949
SKU: 081208/338/256
Written in 1931 by S.H.Moorfield,M.Sc(Manch),A.M.I.Mech-E,Head of the Mechanical and Engineering Department at Wigan and District Mining and Technical College.And H.H.Winstanly,BScEng(Lond.1st Cl Hons),M.I.MechE,Lecturer in Mechanical Engineering at Wigan and District College.

Contents :
- I/-Work.
II/-Power and Energy.
III/-Heat and it's measurement.
IV/-Thermal properties of perfect gases.
V/- Heat changes in gases.
VI/-Expansion and compression of gases.
VII/-The Working Cycle.
VIII/-The formation and properties of steam.
IX/-Steam Boilers.
X/-The Steam Engine Plant.
XI/-Hypothetical indicator diagram.
XII/-Entrophy and entrophy diagrams.
XIII/-Entrophy applications.
XIV/-Valves and Valve Gear.
XV/-Combustion.
XVI/-Internal Combustion Engine.
XVII/-Heavy Oil Engines.
XVIII/-Efficiencies.
XIX/-Engine trials.
XX/-Speed Control.
XXI/-Steam Turbines.
plus - Steam tables.
Answers.
Published by Edward Arnold & Co. in 1949.

£9.80
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Home built stirling engine
SKU: hbse/ebook/000/000
Built with a soldering iron and simple hand tools for less than $20, this engine provides hours of entertainment while demonstrating the Stirling principle and elementary thermodynamics. Harness the power of melting ice using a candle or concentrated sunlight.
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The History of Hot Air Engines
SKU: thohae/ebook/000/000
Binding: pdf document - in presentation format

Contents

  • Preface
  • The hot-air drive in the 2nd century before the Christian era.
  • The requirement of portable power during the Industrial Revolution, Stirling, Ericsson, Rider, Lehmann, Buschbaum and others.
  • The electricity need in remote areas, the Philips idea 1937 - 1979
  • The Stirling-renaissance, Sun-driven, Combined Heat and Power
  • Stirling, the air-independent motor, AISP
  • Different thermic principles, Motors, Refrigerators, Heatpumps
  • The Stirling-refrigerator, Windhausen, Philips, AIM
  • Different working-mediums, air, gas, water, metals
  • The hot-air motor as toy, investment or speculation?
  • The function of the Stirling motor
  • Construction types, Stirling, Ericsson, Ringbom, Freikolben, Rupp, Vacuum-motor.
  • The rulers of the game for the model constructor: The hot-air engine
  • Epilogue
  • Sources
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Fuel-less Space Engine (Stirling)
SKU: flse/ebook/000/000
Binding: pdf - 6 pages

Focus sunlight on this  model engine and it runs at full speed. Plans to build a solar powered Stirling engine. With description and drawings.

'Power is ample to drive a midget water pump or spin a display turntable. For indoor exhibits, such as in Science Fairs, a heat lamp can replace the sun. As a mantelpiece model, the engine can be operated on paper matches, alcohol, or fuel tablets.'

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How do Stirling Engines Work?
SKU: hdsew/ebook/000/000
Binding: pdf - 35 pages

Stirling engines can be hard to understand. Here are the key points. Every Stirling engine has a sealed cylinder with one part hot and the other cold. The working gas inside the engine (which is often air, helium, or hydrogen) is moved by a mechanism from the hot side to the cold side. When the gas is on the hot side it expands and pushes up on a piston. When it moves back to the cold side it contracts. Properly designed Stirling engines have two power pulses per revolution, which can make them very smooth running. Two of the more common types are two piston Stirling engines and displacer-type Stirling engines. The two piston type Stirling engine has two power pistons. The displacer type Stirling engine has one power piston and a displacer piston.

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Robert Stirling’s Models of the “Air Engine”
SKU: rsmae/cam/348/864
Binding: Softback
In this book James Rizzo describes in detail the two earliest surviving hot air engines, and how to build working replicas, or reduced sized models of them. The two engines concerned are those which Robert Stirling presented to the University of Edinburgh, and slightly later, to the University of Glasgow, to demonstrate his 'Air Engine'. The exact dates these were built is not known, but were certainly before 1825. The Edinburgh model is the more original, as the Glasgow model was discovered in an old store by Prof. William Thomson, later Lord Kelvin, in 1847. He dismantled it to see how it worked, and restored it to working order, along the way establishing the Absolute Scale of Temperature, the term "energy" and invented the name of a new science - Thermodynamics.

100 page, high quality paperback, full of drawings and photographs of all parts of the engines.
£9.95
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Rider and Ericsson Hot Air Pumping Engines
SKU: cam/rehape/66/223
Binding: Softback - 36 pages
This booklet is a high quality reprint of the 1906 catalogue issued by the “Rider-Ericsson Engine Co.” covering their improved Rider and Ericsson Hot Air Pumping Engines for domestic water supply and covers two distinct types of engine.
£1.99
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Build a Two Cylinder Stirling Cycle Engine
SKU: btcsce/cam/251/901
From the inimitable Dave Gingery comes his first model design - a small two cylinder Stirling engine. He shows how to make the patterns, cast them if you want and then shows how to build the engine - we know the book is good as we built an engine here! In practice, if you don’t want to make your own castings you could fabricate. Great project - you will learn a lot! 76 pages with full working drawings.Large format paperback. Dave Gingery.
£17.00
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Build a Wooden Oscillating Engine
SKU: bawoe/cam/152/444
Binding: Paperback
If you are starting in model engineering, have just bought your first lathe, or enlisted at night school, and are wondering what to build, Martin Gearing’s wooden oscillating engine, the building of which is described here, is an excellent first project. Equally, if you are looking for a project to enthuse the younger generation to make something that works, under your supervision, they don’t come better than this.
£4.39
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Stirling Engine Manual NASA 1983
SKU: SKU18616

The DOE Office of Conservation, Division of Transportation Energy Conservation, has established a number of broad programs aimed at reducing highway vehicle fuel consumption. The DOE Stirling Engine Highway Vehicle Systems Program is one such program. This program is directed at the development of the Stirling engine as a possible alternative to the spark-ignition engine. Project Management responsiblity for this project has been delegated by DOE to the NASA-Lewis Research Center.

Support for the generation of this report was provided by a grant from the Lewis Research Center Stirling Engine Project Office. For Stirling engines to enjoy widespread application and dcceptance, not only must the fundamental operation of such engines be widely understood, but the requisite analytic tools for the simulation, design, evaluation and optimization of Stirling engine hardware must be readily available. The purpose of this design manual is to provide an introduction to Stirling cycle heat engines, to organize and identify the available Stirling engine literature, and to identify, organize, evaluate and, in so far as possible, compare non- proprietary Stirling engine design methodologies. As such, the manual then represents another step in the long process of making available comprehensive, well verified, economic-to-use, Stirling engine analytic programs.

Two different fully described Stirling engines are presented. These not only have full engine dimensions and operating conditions but also have power outputs and efficiencies for a range of operating conditions. The results of these two engine tests can be used for evaluation of non-proprietary computation procedures. Evaluation of partially described Stirling engines begins to reveal that some of the early but modern air engines have an interesting combination of simplicity and efficiency. These show more attractive possibilities in today's world of uncertain fuel oil supply than they did 20 years ago when they were developed. The theory of Stirling engine is presented starting from simple cycle analysis. Important conclusions from cycle analysis are: l) compared to an engine with zero unswept gas volume (dead volume), the power available from an engine with dead volume is reduced proportional to the ratio of the dead volume to the max- imum gas volume, and 2) the more realistic adiabatic spaces can result in as much as a 40% reduction in power over the idealized isothermal spaces. Engine design methods are organized as first order, second order and third order with increased order number indicating increased complexity. First order design methods are principally useful in preliminary systems studies to evaluate how well-optimized engines may perform in a given heat engine application. Second order design methods start with a cycle analysis and incorporate engine loss relationships that apply generally for the full engine cycle. This method assumes that the different processes going on in the engine interact very little.

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Making Stirling Engines - Andy Ross
SKU: mse/ebook/000
Binding: pdf - 68 pages

Imagine a small engine for your bicycle, canoe, or campside generator that is as quiet as a sewing machine. Its exhaust flue gases are nonpoisonous, nonpolluting and practically odorless. It starts easily, and should run without repair for many hundreds of hours, burning less than one-half liter of kerosene per hour.

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Bentley BR2 World War I Rotary Aero Engine: Building the One Quarter Scale Working Replica
SKU: bbre/cam/432/1064
First published by Australian Lew Blackmore in 1986, after he had won the Duke of Edinburgh Challenge Trophy with his model of this engine at the 1982 'Model Engineer Exhibition', I believe this is still the only book describing the construction of a large scale, working model of a real aero engine. Modelling the BR2 does make a fascinating and challenging project for the more experienced model engineer; it is also a popular one, as the number of examples that can be seen at exhibitions, and the fact that this is the fourth printing of the book, evidence.
£15.95
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Building the Maltese Falcon
SKU: btmf/cam/372/597
Binding: Paperback: 47 pages
Want to build a BIG model I.C. engine? This is a 260cc Flat Four, Side Valve engine which turns a (scale) 34" x 18" propeller at 2500 rpm, and measures 8" in length and depth, and 13" in width across the heads. Essentially designed to be built from solid, Jim can supply certain parts, notably a magneto kit, and standard Honda pistons can be used if you want to get your Maltese Falcon running as quickly as possible - parts suppliers are listed. Whilst not a beginner's project, this engine can be built by any competent model engineer, and even if you just build one as your next project, will give you the satisfaction of blowing the club away, when you finally demonstrate it at an "On the Table" Club Night! And, of course, having built the engine, you could then horrify the neighbours by building a giant model aircraft for it to power! But what really intrigues me about the Maltese Falcon is what else you could drive with it, in some cases with modifications to the cooling arrangements; large scale model road vehicles, notably a large scale model tractor, and 71?4" gauge railway motive power, but an outboard motor, a GT lawn mower and a motor bike would also all seem possible for the clever amongst you. In this book you get the full drawing set of 11 sheets, reduced in size to fit A3 format, and 36 A4 pages of notes, hints and tips on building the engine, plus numerous photos of parts and set-ups for making them; this isn't a construction manual in the sense of "Building the Bentley BR2....", but it is all good solid information aimed at helping the builder to make a 'model' I.C. engine which really will make people's jaws drop! Wirebound with card covers.
£4.75
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Easy to build Stirling engine fan
SKU: etbsef/stp/ebook/000
"Simple Coke Can Stirling Engine Plans", a how to guide to build your own Stirling engine.

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ASAP Stirling engine ebook plans
SKU: asapseep/stp/ebook/000
Plans to build this very simple coke can engine, mainly from household materials. Easy to follow bite size steps.
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Heat Pumps - Energy Efficiency and Traditional Buildings
SKU: hpeeatb/eh/ebook/000
Binding: ebook - pdf
The installation of a renewable technology implies in most cases the fixing of equipment to the historic fabric of a building. English Heritage seeks to ensure that any works to a historic building do not unnecessarily disturb or destroy historic fabric.

In deciding how best to incorporate a low-carbon or renewable technology, the principle of minimum intervention and reversibility should be adopted whenever and wherever possible.

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Coffee Cup LTD Stirling Engine Plans
SKU: ccse/ebook/000
The LTD Stirling engine always impresses first time viewers with its simplicity and the apparent lack of a fuel source. This particular engine is made almost entirely out of recycled materials, so it's easy to build. You can get most of the parts for free, it needn't cost a lot to build.
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Stirling Engine by Jean Fernand
SKU: self/ebook/000/000
Binding: pdf 21 pages
Detailed Plans and 3D views of a Stirling engine - a good set of plans with assembly drawings and views produced with a 3D modelling package.
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Popular Science air-cooled Hot Air Engine - Stirling Engine
SKU: peace/ebook/000/000
"Once the flame is lit, this charming hot air engine heats up for action in less than a minute. The Hot Air Engine, or Stirling Engine is now back on the desks of researchers and scientists due to the engines almost unique ability to run on any heat source. Many free engergy sources can be used to heat this type of engine, such as hot springs, solar power and even ice and snow. In this easy to make model Stirling Engine, the heat source fueled by alcohol. The engine if built to the specifications given, is capable of driving small models, pumping water or turning a fan. The Hot Air Engine does not require castings, but does require some turning on a mini-lathe and the use of a drill-press."


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